Childbirth is a special moment in every mother's life. Welcoming your baby to the world and hugging him in your arms for the first time are beautiful moments that future mothers are waiting for, actually from the moment of becoming pregnant. These unusual emotions, however, are also accompanied by stress and fear of how the labor will proceed. What is natural childbirth and what are its stages? We answer.
After nine months of carrying the baby under the heart, it is time for the parents to meet their baby for the first time. Anxiety and fear of termination are natural feelings that accompany almost every woman, no matter if she gives birth for the first time or has already welcomed a few children in the world. However, in order to reduce stress, it is worth finding out what labor is like. This knowledge will help reduce your fear and will provide you with a lot of interesting and reliable information.
What does natural childbirth look like? The stages of childbirth
Knowing the stages of childbirth will allow the mother-to-be to reduce stress and prepare for what will happen. It is also an opportunity for a more conscious participation in such an important and emotional moment as the miracle of birth. What does childbirth look like?
The first period of labor - opening of the cervix
The immediate sign that you are in labor is irregular contractions. Weak at first, gain strength and occur more frequently.
The baby then begins to move down the birth canal. However, do not panic, as it will be several hours from their onset to the actual delivery. Another sign is the loss of amniotic fluid. This is the time when the expectant mother should get to the hospital as soon as possible. The contractions become more and more painful and begin to make it difficult to express yourself. The first stage of labor ends when the cervix is dilated 10 cm.
II stage of labor - delivery and displacement of the child
The pressing head of the baby moves down the birth canal with each subsequent contraction and pressure. Many women are concerned about making loud noises and screaming - but this is a good way to reduce pain. The contractions, the task of which is to push the child out, is called cramps parte. The second phase of labor ends with welcoming the baby to the world.
3rd stage of labor - welcoming the baby and delivering the placenta
After the baby is born, it is time to give birth, i.e. the placenta, post-placental membranes and the umbilical cord. However, this cannot be compared with actual labor - some women, being euphoric after greeting their baby, do not feel the expulsion of the placenta and membranes.
IV stage of labor - caring for a woman, observation of the baby and the first moments of our mother with the baby
The final stage of labor includes a 2-hour period of special medical care. Then the crotch is sewn together. Specialists especially control the height of the uterine fundus and the degree of its contraction. These are also the first attempts at breastfeeding and stimulating lactation.
What is induction of labor?
Now you know what a physiological birth looks like. If labor does not start, despite the fact that the deadline indicated by the gynecologist has passed, doctors begin to consider induction of labor. The indications for taking such steps are:
- a direct threat to the health and life of the child, e.g. reducing the amount of amniotic fluid,
- no symptoms of the commencement of labor after the 42nd week of pregnancy (so-called transferred pregnancy),
- the green color of the amniotic fluid, visible in the amnioscope examination,
diseases or bad test results of the mother - for example, as a result of diabetes , a child may be exposed to many unfavorable factors. The doctor may then decide to terminate the pregnancy early. One possible solution is to give the fetus drugs for the development of the lungs, but the specialist tries to wait at least until the 37th week of pregnancy to induce labor.
The most common way to induce labor (induction) is by giving the woman a hormone that causes the womb to contract. This hormone is synthetic oxytocin. It is worth emphasizing that inducing childbirth with this method carries certain risks.
Another method is the puncture of the fetal bladder, professionally known as an amniotomy. The precondition for it is a transferred pregnancy and a cervical dilation of 3 cm. Childbirth must then take place up to 12 hours, after which there is a high risk of developing an infection.