Doctors warn against hyperthermia, or excessive body heat. When heat builds up in the body, the body's natural ability to cool down through perspiration is greatly reduced.
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Doctors stressed that avoiding sun exposure is the best way to protect against high temperatures.
Overheating of the body. Causes, symptoms, effects
Overexposure to the sun for an extended period of time causes the body to overheat. Clothing that is too tight, windproof, or warm has a disadvantage as well. People who take antihistamines, diuretics, antidepressants and vasodilators, the elderly and children are particularly vulnerable.
Obese people, as well as those with diabetes, heart disease, or hyperthyroidism, are particularly vulnerable.
It is worth emphasizing that the symptoms of overheating of the body may appear even several hours after exposure to the sun. The main signs of hyperthermia are:
- very warm and dry skin,
- skin burns,
- itchy rash
- increase in body temperature above 40 degrees Celsius,
- weakness of the body,
- headaches and dizziness,
- flushing of the face
- swelling of the feet and ankles
- increased heart rate
- heat contractions,
- disturbances of consciousness,
- blurred vision,
- breathing problems,
- loss of consciousness.
Overheating the body has serious consequences, including heat stroke, which can even lead to coma or death. The effects also include:
- weakening of immunity,
- heat exhaustion, i.e. extreme weakness,
- thermal shock,
- severe disturbance of consciousness (e.g. hallucinations).