Diabetes can impact anybody, but not everyone in the same way. According to studies, women are more likely to get heart disease, stroke, and other problems from this terrible illness. High glucose levels adversely impair fertility, genitourinary health, and libido.
More frequently, diabetes in women damages the heart.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, diabetes increases the risk of heart disease (the most frequent complication of diabetes) by roughly four times in women but only about twice in males. Following a heart attack, diabetes worsens the health of diabetic women. In addition, they are more likely to acquire consequences such as stroke, eyesight loss, kidney illness, and depression.
Diabetes may raise a woman's risk of coronary heart disease and stroke for a number of reasons. One of them is the difference in biological characteristics between the sexes regarding the distribution of adipose tissue.
If you have a history of the condition in your family or if you are overweight or obese, your risk of developing diabetes increases. Check your blood sugar levels at least once a year and be mindful of diabetes' symptoms, which can be subtle.
Diabetes and the health of women
Diabetes is associated with several areas of women's health, including:
Hormonal fluctuations might impact glucose levels before and during menstruation. During a week prior to the onset of menstruation, glucose levels often rise, necessitating an increase in insulin dosage. Diabetes can induce longer or heavier periods. Changes in hormone levels, such as those that occur during pregnancy, can also increase blood sugar levels.
Patients with diabetes are more prone than men to acquire recurrent urinary tract infections and intimate infections (primarily vaginal yeast infections). Infections are facilitated by high blood glucose levels and adverse alterations in the immunological and circulatory systems brought on by diabetes.
High blood glucose levels might make pregnancy difficult. It is recommended to delay pregnancy until the glycemia has stabilised. Diabetes can cause pre-eclampsia (high blood pressure), which increases the risk of miscarriage, birth abnormalities, prematurity, increased baby weight, and more difficult delivery. Use contraception until the sickness is under control.
Due to elevated blood glucose levels, many women's sexual desire is lowered. In addition, intimate infections and vaginal dryness aggravate the symptoms. Damage to the nerves caused by diabetes decreases blood flow to the genitalia, resulting in a less pleasurable sexual encounter.
Even if the condition has never been identified before, gestational diabetes might manifest at this time. This risk occurs for all women, but it is greater for pregnant women who are overweight or obese, those over the age of 25, and those with a family history of type 2 diabetes.
The normal reduction in oestrogen that occurs during menopause influences changes in blood sugar. It's crucial to monitor your glucose levels. In addition, menopausal symptoms including hot flashes and sleeplessness can impact glycemia.
It is important to remember that the correct actions—healthy behaviours, food, and sometimes medication—can lessen the negative impacts of diabetes on different aspects of women's health.