Here are some tips on how to lower your fasting blood sugar while pregnant:
- Eat a healthy diet. This means eating plenty of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. You should also limit your intake of processed foods, sugary drinks, and saturated and unhealthy fats.
- Exercise regularly. Aim for at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise most days of the week.
- Maintain a healthy weight. If you are overweight or obese, losing even a small amount of weight can help to improve your blood sugar control.
- Get enough sleep. When you don't get enough sleep, your body produces more of the stress hormone cortisol, which can raise your blood sugar levels.
- Take medication as prescribed by your doctor. If your fasting blood sugar levels are still high after making lifestyle changes, your doctor may prescribe medication to help you control them.
Here are some foods that you can eat at night to help keep your sugar levels low in the morning:
- Protein: Protein helps to slow the absorption of sugar into your bloodstream. Some good sources of protein include lean meat, fish, poultry, eggs, and beans.
- Fiber: Fiber helps to keep you feeling full and can also help to regulate your blood sugar levels. Some good sources of fiber include fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and beans.
- Complex carbohydrates: Complex carbohydrates are a good source of energy and can help to keep your blood sugar levels stable. Some good sources of complex carbohydrates include whole-wheat bread, brown rice, and oatmeal.
Here are some of the causes of high fasting blood sugar in pregnancy:
- Insulin resistance: This is a condition in which your body's cells become less sensitive to the effects of insulin. Insulin is a hormone that helps your body to use glucose for energy. When you have insulin resistance, your blood sugar levels can rise.
- Gestational diabetes: This is a type of diabetes that occurs during pregnancy. It is caused by a combination of factors, including insulin resistance and hormonal changes.
- Pregnancy itself: Pregnancy can raise your blood sugar levels for a number of reasons. These include increased levels of the hormone progesterone, which can interfere with the body's use of insulin, and increased demands for glucose from the growing fetus.
There are a number of reasons why sugar levels can rise at night. These include:
- Hormonal changes: The hormone cortisol, which is released in response to stress, can raise blood sugar levels. Cortisol levels are often higher at night, which can contribute to high blood sugar levels.
- Lack of exercise: If you don't get enough exercise, your body becomes less sensitive to insulin. This can lead to higher blood sugar levels, especially at night.
- Sleep apnea: This is a condition in which breathing is repeatedly interrupted during sleep. Sleep apnea can raise blood sugar levels by increasing the levels of stress hormones.
If you are concerned about your fasting blood sugar levels, talk to your doctor. They can help you to determine the cause of your high blood sugar and develop a treatment plan to help you keep your levels under control.