Thrombosis is a medical condition where blood clots form in the circulatory system, blocking normal blood flow. When these clots occur in the veins, it's called venous thrombosis which can lead to serious complications as a result of a pulmonary embolism.
Symptoms of Thrombosis
The most common symptom of thrombosis is pain or tenderness in the affected area, such as the leg or arm. Swelling and redness may also occur.
Phlebitis, or inflammation of the veins, can manifest itself as pain, redness, tenderness or swelling. When the vein is noticeable below the skin, it is called superficial phlebitis.
Complications: Pulmonary Embolism
Pulmonary embolism can be deadly when a blood clot lodges in the lungs. Symptoms include chest pain, shortness of breath, and coughing up blood. Immediate medical attention is necessary.
Causes and Risk Factors of Thrombosis
There are several factors that can increase the risk of thrombosis, including immobility due to injury or surgery, obesity, smoking, hormone therapy, and certain medical conditions such as cancer and heart failure.
Diagnosis of Thrombosis
Doctors use several tests to diagnose thrombosis, including ultrasound and blood tests to measure the level of a certain protein called D-dimer.
Treatment of Thrombosis
Treatment of thrombosis typically involves the use of blood thinners or anticoagulants, such as heparin or warfarin, to prevent the clot from growing larger or breaking off and causing further complications.
Treatment of Phlebitis
Treatment of phlebitis involves the use of anti-inflammatory medications to relieve pain and swelling. Compression stockings and elevating the affected area can also be helpful.