Obesity is a medical condition characterized by excessive accumulation of body fat, which can lead to negative health effects. It is typically measured using Body Mass Index (BMI), which is a calculation of weight and height.
Causes and Risk Factors of Obesity
Obesity can be caused by a combination of genetic, environmental, and lifestyle factors. Some of the risk factors for obesity include:
· A diet high in calories and processed foods
· Lack of physical activity
· Medical conditions such as hypothyroidism and polycystic ovary syndrome
Symptoms and Consequences of Obesity
Some of the symptoms of obesity include:
· Increased body fat
· Difficulty breathing
· Joint pain and stiffness
· Shortness of breath
The consequences of obesity can be serious and include:
· Increased risk of heart disease, stroke, and diabetes
· Hypertension (high blood pressure)
· Sleep apnea
How is Obesity Diagnosed?
Obesity is typically diagnosed by measuring BMI. A BMI of 30 or higher is considered obese. Doctors may also use a combination of measurements including waist circumference and skinfold thickness.
How is Obesity Treated?
The best way to treat obesity is through lifestyle changes. This includes:
· A healthy diet that is high in fruits, vegetables, and lean protein
· Regular physical activity
· Behavioral therapy
· Medical weight loss interventions such as medication or surgery