Friday, September 8, 2023

What was the impact of Kamal Ata Turk's reforms on Turkish society?

 Kamal Ata Turk's reforms had a significant impact on Turkish society. Atatürk's reforms were aimed at modernizing Turkey and making it a secular state. He introduced a series of radical reforms in the country's political, social, and economic life that aimed at rapidly transforming Turkey into a modern state. 

Some of his main achievements include the abolition of the use of the Arabic alphabet and the adoption of the Latin alphabet, introduction of a secular legal code, making primary education free and compulsory, opening thousands of new schools all over the country, creation of a banner to mark the changes between the old Ottoman and the new republican rule, establishment of the Turkish Historical Society in 1931 to thoroughly examine and evaluate Turkey's history, introduction of the New Calendar, Weights and Measures, Holidays, and Surname Laws, implementation of the Six Arrows of Kemalism as republicanism, nationalism, populism, reformism, statism, and secularism, which were regarded as "fundamental and unchanging principles" guiding the republic, and, as such, they were written into its constitution. Atatürk's reforms were enthusiastically welcomed by the Turkish people, and they modernized the life of his country. However, his reforms were opposed by religious conservatives, and there have been three phases of Islamist counter-revolution in response to the Kemalist revolution. These phases are demonstrated by the rule of the Democrat Party (1950-1960), the Welfare Party (mid-1990s), and the current Justice and Development Party.

No comments:

Post a Comment

is Canada facing a homelessness crisis? what is the Canadian government doing to tackle this crisis?

  According to recent studies, Canada is facing a homelessness crisis, with an estimated 235,000 Canadians experiencing homelessness in a gi...